United Poultry Concerns
Promoting the compassionate and respectful
treatment of domestic fowl

PO Box 150 • Machipongo, VA 23405-0150
(757) 678-7875 • FAX (757) 678-5070

United Poultry Concerns is a 501c(3) organization incorporated in Maryland.
Founded in 1990.
Employer Identification Number: 52-1705678

Officers and Directors:

Karen Davis, Ph.D., President, Director
George Allan Cate Ph.D., Vice President, Director
Joan Meanor Holtgraver, M.A., Secretary Treasurer, Director

United Poultry Concerns (UPC) holds that the treatment of chickens and other domestic fowl in food production, science, education, entertainment, and human companionship situations has a significant effect upon human, nonhuman, and environmental welfare. We seek to make the public aware of the ways in which poultry are treated and to advance the compassionate and respectful treatment of chickens and other domestic fowl. UPC conducts full-time national programs and projects, including our quarterly Newsletter PoultryPress, available in hardcopy and online at UPC-online.org.

UPC works with groups and individuals throughout the world on issues pertaining to the treatment of domestic fowl. Our sanctuary for domestic fowl is accredited by the American Sanctuary Association and The Association of Sanctuaries. We are active coalition members of the Global Safe Food Alliance headed by Public Citizen, the Global Hunger Alliance initiated by Farm Animal Reform Movement, and The Summit for the Animals, an annual meeting of the heads of national animal protection organizations in the U.S. UPC was an active participant in the USDA-sponsored Farm Animal Well-Being Task Group, until the Task Group's demise in 2002. We are grateful to each and every one of our members and supporters for enabling us to fulfill our mission in 2001.


In 2001, United Poultry Concerns:

  • Conducted a successful 4-month investigation that resulted in the permanent closing of the West Side Poultry Market in Cleveland, Ohio, by the Department of Public Heath on April 28. We placed all 214 birds and rabbits in good homes and adopted 40 of the birds into our shelter.

  • Provided avian behavior studies and sentencing recommendations to the district attorney and judge, which assisted in the successful prosecution of Denver, CO radio announcer Steven Meade for cruelty to animals. Meade was convicted of cruelty on January 31st for dropping a hen from a 3rd-story balcony in order to broadcast her reaction on the air.

  • Co-hosted the April 23rd news conference at the National Press Club in Washington DC announcing the formation of the Global Safe Food Alliance, a coalition of consumer, animal protection, whistleblower, environmental, and faith-based concerns, focusing on food safety, animal protection, and planetary responsibility. UPC President Karen Davis was a speaker at the news conference, where she described to journalists and government officials the welfare problems and environmental impact of domestic and global poultry production.

  • Co-sponsored the Farmed Animal Well-Being Conference, June 28 - June 29 at the University of California, Davis. The conference, organized by United Poultry Concerns, Animal Place, and the Association of Veterinarians for Animal Rights, featured leading farmed animal welfare specialists in the United States, Canada, and Australia to discuss critical farmed animal welfare issues. The conference is summarized in the Fall and Winter issues of PoultryPress 2001.

  • Held an exhibit table at the 2001 Animal Rights National Convention, June 30 - July 5, in Washington DC. UPC President Karen Davis was a keynote speaker at the National Convention.

  • Won in September our vigorous campaign, launched the previous year, to get the Carnegie Science Center in Pittsburgh to permanently cancel its chick hatchery exhibit.

  • Launched a campaign to urge the ASPCA to enforce the New York State Anti-cruelty statute requiring that chickens used in the annual Kapparot ritual in September be provided with food, water, and adequate shelter while awaiting ritual slaughter. Our Action Alert appears in the Winter 2001 issue of PoultryPress. The ASPCA has agreed to address this problem.

  • Adopted 20 of 750 birds rescued from a live poultry market in Boston by the Massachusetts SPCA in August. UPC helped to find homes for hundreds of abused and rescued birds in 2001.

  • Published More Than a Meal: The Turkey in History, Myth, Ritual, and Reality by UPC President Karen Davis. The book, published by Lantern Books in November, received strong endorsements from avian specialists Dr. Lesley Rogers, Dr. Gisela Kaplan, and Dr. Ian Duncan, and philosopher Peter Singer, who wrote that More Than a Meal "challenges all Americans to think about the values that they want their annual family ritual to embody."

  • Held our 3rd annual Forum at our headquarters in Machipongo, Virginia on December 8-9. This year's topic was "Do Animal Welfare Campaigns & Reforms Hurt or Help Animal Rights & Abolition. Speakers and attendees debated and discussed the pros and cons of animal welfare vs. animal rights campaigns. Forum presentations are summarized in the Winter-Spring 2002 issue of PoultryPress.

Humane Education in the Schools

  • Revised and updated Hatching Good Lessons: Alternatives to School Hatching Projects. We distributed 2,500 copies free to educators in 2001.

  • Published 5000 UPC Sanctuary Brochures inviting teachers and members of the public to visit our accredited sanctuary for domestic fowl in Machipongo, Virginia. Our sanctuary is open to the public Monday through Saturday.

  • Produced a color poster for teachers, "What Wings are For."

  • Exhibited and gave workshops at the Virginia Association of Science Teachers in Richmond, Virginia, October 19-20; and at the National Science Teachers Association Convention in Columbus, Ohio, November 8-10, 2001.

Support for Humane Legislation

In 2001 United Poultry Concerns:

  • Supported with letters, information, and Action Alerts the Illinois HumanePAC bill to ban the forced molting-a food deprivation procedure-- of laying hens. HB 0756, The Safe Egg and Laying Hen Protection Act, was defeated in the Agriculture Committee.

  • Supported with letters, information, and Action Alerts two Washington State bills (HB 5730 and 1726) that sought to ban forced molting, debeaking, and battery cages for laying hens.

  • Supported with letters, information, and Action Alerts the successful House and Senate Bills to ban the interstate and overseas transport of birds intended for cockfighting. Congress signed these bills into law in May 2002 as Farm Bill Amendments.

Participation in Poultry & Egg Industry Meetings

United Poultry Concerns actively participates as stakeholders in industry/government meetings on animal welfare, environmental, and food safety issues. In 2001, UPC attended the following meetings where we presented our concerns:

  • Ohio Livestock Coalition's 4th Annual Meeting, Ohio Department of Agriculture, February 21.

  • Focus on Welfare of Livestock Conference, Perdue University, April 30.

  • USDA Farm Animal Well-Being Task Group Meeting, Washington, DC, May 25.

  • WATT Poultry Summit IV Focusing on Bird Welfare in the Commercial Layer Industry, Las Vegas, October 16.

Vigils, Protest Demonstrations & Thanksgiving Activities

  • Conducted nine "Slaughter of the Innocent" protest demonstrations at Washington DC Area KFC Restaurants from January through November. Received major coverage in the Maryland Gazette Newspapers. Our theme: "Don't Just Switch from Beef to Chicken, Get the Slaughterhouse Out of Your Kitchen!"

  • Protested the sale of duck meat at the Tenley Circle Fresh Fields supermarket in Washington DC on February 11th. Our theme: "Ducks are Divine, Go Veggie This Time!"

  • Protested at the White House Easter Egg Roll on April 16th. Our theme: "What's Wrong with Eggs? - Everything!"

  • Protested for the 10th year at the Delmarva Chicken Festival in Pocomoke City, Maryland on June 16th. Our Theme: "Chickens are Great but 'Chicken' is Nothing to Celebrate."

  • Protested against Perdue Farms on May 23 and June 2nd. As reported by the Salisbury, Md Daily Times, "The anti-chicken advocates of United Poultry Concerns have been trailing industry bigwigs at events for weeks, including Jim Perdue's keynote speech at a Wharton School dinner at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia last month, and his father Frank's award dinner at Salisbury State University two weeks ago. 'We are there at every event we can attend to announce how cruel and criminal the poultry industry is,' UPC President Karen Davis said."

  • Hosted our 11th Annual Mourning Vigil for Chickens on World Farmed Animals Day at the Giant Supermarket in Bethesda, Md on October 2nd. The Vigil focused attention on the egg industry. We held a successful information table and showed the Faunavision video Hope for the Hopeless, which shows the horrible condition of hens as a battery-hen complex in Maryland.

  • Held our 4th Annual Vigil for Turkeys in Bethesda, Md on November 16th. Our themes: "Don't Gobble Me!" "Turkeys: Meet One, Don't Eat One!" and "Give Peace a Chance - Go Vegan."

    In 2001, UPC participated in a variety of conferences and community events including:

    • Mount Vernon Community Day, Alexandria, VA, May 19.

    • Mid-Hudson Vegetarian Society, Kingston, NY, March 10. UPC President Karen Davis was the keynote speaker

    • Animal Rights 2001 National Convention, Washington, DC, June 30 - July 5. UPC President Karen Davis was a keynote speaker.

    • Charlottesville Vegetarian Festival, September 15

    • Vegetarian Society of El Paso Annual Dinner, September 22. UPC President Karen Davis was the keynote speaker.

    • Eastern Shore Birding Festival, Cape Charles, VA, October 5 - 7.

    • VegFest DC 2001, American University, October 13. UPC President Karen Davis was the keynote speaker.

    • Washington DC Vegetarian Society's annual Thanksgiving Day Dinner, November 22nd.

    News Media Coverage and Commentaries

    • UPC published letters to the editor and opinion pieces, and was covered in many newspapers in 2001 including The Village Voice, The Wall Street Journal, the Los Angeles Times, The Virginian-Pilot, the Salisbury, Md Daily Times, the Asheville, NC Citizen-Times, and the Gazette Newspapers in Maryland. UPC President Karen Davis conducted radio interviews throughout the country in 2001 including the Bob Linden Show (Los Angeles), the Meria Heller Show (Phoenix, AZ), the Louie Free Show (NJ), the Greg Gattine Show (Woodstock, NY), Animal Voices (Toronto) and Suzanne Dragan's "Pet House" (New Brunswick, NJ).

    United Poultry Concerns Headquarters and Sanctuary

    • United Poultry Concerns maintains a permanent full-time office, sanctuary, education center and poultry adoption, sponsorship, and placement service at our headquarters at 12325 Seaside Road, Machipongo, Virginia 23405. UPC's website administration office, headed by Franklin Wade, is located in Bethesda Maryland.

    From all of us at United Poultry Concerns, we thank you for your strong and continuing support for our work on behalf of chickens and other domestic fowl.

    Karen Davis, PhD, President
    United Poultry Concerns

    United Poultry Concerns takes this opportunity to thank the following foundations for assisting our programs in 2001: The Alexander Foundation, the Helen Brach Foundation, The Marino Foundation, The New York Community Trust, and The William and Charlotte Parks Foundation.

    United Poultry Concerns 2001 Financial Report
    Revenues $130,690.00
    Public Support 130,690.00
    Expenses $137,349.00
    Programs and Education 96,642.00
    Organizational Management 26,048.00
    Fundraising 14,600.00
    Net assets/ fund balance at end of year$119,689.00

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